Scientific nameAzadirachta indica
Native distributionTropical Africa
BiologyHeight of 15-20m, occasionally reaches 35-40m. It is evergreen, but in severe drought it may shed most or nearly all of its leaves. The branches are spread wide.
EcologyIt is a fast-growing tree, growing especially in arid and semi arid regions. It is very drought resistant and does well on poor soils. Roots grow deep and wide. Does not tolerate waterlogging.
HabitatCan invade shrublands, open woodlands, grasslands, floodplains, coastal sites and other disturbed natural vegetation.
WoodThe wood is hard and resistant to termites, borers and fungi. It is considered suitable for general purposes like plywood, fire-retardant plywood and plywood for blockboard.
NTFPsLeaves, bark, roots and fruits are used in medicine. It is also used as fodder (goats eat leaves, oil-seed cake), bee forage, shade, ornamental, soil improvement, windbreak, veterinary medicine, oil (seed).
ServicesBirds are known to eat the fruits, but they are extremely poisonous to mammals.
Other informationIt is used for soap manufacturing and it is also a powerful insect repellent.